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ABSTRACT This paper investigates the impacts on both the selling and acquiring firms in cross-border divestiture transactions between U.S. and Canadian firms. This research addresses questions regarding the degree of synergy resulting from these transactions and the extent to which Canadian and U.S. firms benefit from these sales. The empirical analysis in the paper examines 62 U.S. firms, which sold units to Canadian firms over the 1980-1995 interval, 32 Canadian firms that were acquirers in those transactions, and a subsample of 23 matched-pairs transactions. The methodology employed includes both percentage and dollar abnormal returns. We find gains to U.S. divestor/selling firms of similar magnitudes to those in prior studies of sell-offs by U.S. firms. The gains to Canadian acquirers are larger than those previously identified for buyers in domestic sell-offs. These gains are both economically material and statistically significant. However a wide range of outcomes is observed, particularly for sellers.